High-level youth footballer: Among competition, training and education


The national selections of young footballers form an unfamiliar space of socialization which nevertheless plays a key role in the construction of professional careers. Our purpose is to present this space torn between the objectives inherent to the competition and an explicit discourse of formation and education produced by the Federation and its representatives.

Since the 2010 World Cup and the incredible strike of the players of football training in Dubai, football has regularly slipped sporting headings to various headlines of the general press. Players’ behavior is regularly decried and appears out of step with the norms of society. It must be said that a young professional footballer today has not, unlike his elders, had the opportunity to know, for example, a school life identical to his peers or the need to enter the world of work young for economic reasons. The young players are, from the beginning of their adolescence, extracted from their family and projected in a cocoon formed around them by the clubs considering the market value that they can acquire. Some of them, from the age of 14-15,
It is to better understand how are prepared young footballers and high-level footballers that we found it interesting to observe a space of socialization paramount in the training of professional footballers.
In this article, we propose to describe the relatively unknown socialization space of the selections of young footballers and high-level footballers.
In a first part, short and introductory, we will present the socialization space and its characteristics. We will then describe three objectives explicitly stated by agents in moral and transmission entrepreneurial situations as ideal types: competition, training, education. Finally, we will look at the materialization of these objectives in the organization and life of the selection.

Three objectives: competition, training, education

The fruit of this work is certainly the limited observation of the selections evoked but accompany these selections is also an opportunity to meet, many trainers and educators who present career paths, a distance to their job and different goals. This is why we wish to develop the three objectives evoked as typical ideals. This represents to us a double challenge. A first scientific challenge obviously. These objectives and the means they carry with them are not exclusive of each other in their implementation and describe a clear typology of these objectives had been lying on the homogeneity of the actions of agents, as there is contradictions within the federal system of French football, staffs, and even at the individual level of breeders. In addition, using the ideal-typical tool is also interesting because it is relatively “off the ground”. However, we have been able to observe this distance between the objectives in the speech and their implementations. In short, the theoretical scientific tool is placed in the same register as the objectives stated by the agents: it is discursive and performative.
What are these three objectives explicitly stated by the breeders, on behalf of the French Football Federation (FFF)?

The agonal objective :to win.
Since the 60s, the French sport is not structured on Coubertin logic: the essential is no longer to participate. The intervention of the state is essentially limited to high-level and the FFF is no exception to the rule: the goal is to win and in the selections, we are here to “learn to win”, ” accumulate experience “. Each selection (and especially breeder) has objectives to achieve. For players, it is also a way to “show” to recruiters in order to sometimes get their first professional contract.

The training objective: prepare to become professional.
This is a very important concern for men. By training is meant the idea of ​​training for a trade. The word appears more in the boys than in the girls because the professional opportunities are much more important. The training obviously involves training, the control of context, but also video sessions and tactical sessions from football coaching in dubai.

The educational goal : “to become a good person”.
An education is an intervention that aims to change the behavior of players outside the football context. Sometimes it is a substitute for “parents” or “school”. This objective is not always shared within the staff and it results in large part from a double divide between the way of being staff members in equivalent circumstances and / or what they were able to do with from previous generations.